[1]林炳尧,徐有成,龚真真.钱塘地区:建在沼泽上的天堂[J].浙江水利科技,2012,(06):017-20.
 LIN Bing yao,XU You cheng,GONG Zhen zhen.The Qiantang Region: a Paradise Built on Swamp Land[J].Zhejiang Hydrotechnics,2012,(06):017-20.
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钱塘地区:建在沼泽上的天堂
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《浙江水利科技》[ISSN:1008-701X/CN:33-1080/TV]

卷:
期数:
2012年06期
页码:
017-20
栏目:
出版日期:
2012-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Qiantang Region: a Paradise Built on Swamp Land
作者:
林炳尧徐有成龚真真
浙江省钱塘江管理局,浙江杭州310016
Author(s):
LIN BingyaoXU YouchengGONG Zhenzhen
The Qiantang River Administration of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310016, Zhejiang, China
关键词:
钱塘江区域开发历史
Keywords:
the Qiantang River region develop history
分类号:
TV-09
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
钱塘地区的发展史是两岸人民的奋斗史,这历史提供很多有益的经验。此地区是河口冲积平原,原是沮洳斥卤之地。4世纪以后,因北方动乱,南迁的中原民众促进了此地的开发,依托长期稳定局面,建圩田、筑海塘、开挖河渠,将沼泽改造成肥沃的平原。又凭籍良好的天然条件,种植桑麻,转变经济发展模式,手工业、商业、交通业得到发展。宋元两代期间外贸迅速发展,杭州成为当时 “世界上最宏大壮丽的城市”。明清两代关闭国门,抑制商贸,失去融入世界的机会,专注农耕,在持续100余年的“康乾盛世”时期,农耕经济达到顶峰。
Abstract:
The development history of Qiantang region is a history of struggle for the people who lived along the Qiantang River, and it provides us a lot of useful experience. This area is a estuarine alluvial plain which used to be low-wet and salinealkali land. After the 4th Century, the southward migration promoted the development in the area because of the turmoil in the northern area. Depending on the longterm stability,they built the polder,seawall,and river channels, and changed the swamp into the fertile plain. And they also changed the model of economic development by planting mulberry and flax supported by the good natural conditions.The handicrafts, commerce, transportation industries were all well developed.The foreign trades developed rapidly during the Song and Yuan dynasties.Hangzhou became“the grandest and most magnificent city in the world”at that time.However, during the Ming and Qing dynasties China isolated itself from other countries and adopted the policy of stressing farming and suppressing commence,losing the chance to integrate into the world. The farming economy reached its peak during the Kangxi and Qianlong period which lasted 100 years.

参考文献/References:

[1]陈吉余.海塘:中国海岸变迁和海塘工程[M].北京:人民出版社,2000.
[2]谭其骧.杭州都市发展之经过[M]//谭其骧.长水集.北京:人民出版社,2009.
[3]傅璇琮,戴伟华.唐诗中的钱塘江潮[J].浙江学刊, 2011(钱塘江学研究专辑):11-14.
[4]邹逸麟.两宋时代的钱塘江[J].浙江学刊,2011(钱塘江学研究专辑):15-20.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:20120713作者简介:林炳尧(1942-),男,教授级高级工程师,主要从事水力学及河流泥沙研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-12-31